Rabbit litter training is generally the first thing you want to know when you have a house rabbit. It's quite easy to do, especially since rabbits tend to go to the toilet in the same place anyway; they like to pick a corner or area and stick to it.
- 1Get your rabbit spayed or castrated. A fixed rabbit is noticeably less aggressive and easier to train, as it will stop wanting to mate, and mark its territory.
- 2Watch the rabbit intently when you let it out; as soon as it appears as if it's going to do the toilet you'll need to quickly put it back into the cage. If you get there too late, be sure to still put it back into the cage immediately and if possible put whatever mess has been made in as well. Don't lock the cage however, because you don't want the rabbit to associate the doing the toilet with getting locked in the cage.
- 3Make sure your rabbit associates doing the toilet with being in the cage; it only takes a couple of days to teach, just be sure you keep an eye on the rabbit so as to put it into the cage immediately after or before (ideally) it does the toilet.
- 4If you are going to litterbox train your rabbit, get several litterboxes filled with a rabbit safe product, such as paper based litter or accelerant free wood-stove chips.Before itoducing your bunny to the litterbox, watch it and pay attention to where it 'does the do'.(Typically the back or left/right corner) Once you've establised your bunnies favorite area place the box in that area. This will make it easier to get the message. Do NOT use cat litter, it is not safe for your bunny. Newspaper is not safe for rabbits, since they may try to eat it and the ink is toxic to them.
- 5Put one litterbox in the cage. Put others in locations around the area your rabbit has exercise time in. The more litterboxes you have, the more likely it is the rabbit will use one of them. Extra litterboxes can be used to switch out for ones that need time to air out from cleaning.
- 6Praise the rabbit for using the litterbox. Since rabbits naturally eliminate while eating, a handful of hay in the litterbox can encourage good habits and reward the rabbit for going in.
- 7If you see your rabbit getting ready to eliminate outside of the litterbox, try to startle it or shoo it toward the litterbox. You can pick up your rabbit if he's comfortable with that, but it's better if he goes in on his own. Don't try to scold your rabbit after the fact, he won't understand.
- 8Rabbit urine can be cleaned up with white vinegar. Clean thoroughly to remove the smell, or the rabbit will urinate there again. White vineagar is also good for cleaning litterboxes. Rinse them out afterward so the smell doesn't bother your bunny.
- 9Some rabbits will leave a few droppings around areas they consider their territory. Rabbit droppings are very dry and can be easily swept up. Put them in the litterbox to help your rabbit get the message.
- 10Clean frequently used litterboxes at least once a week. During the week, you can scoop out soiled litter.
- 11Once your rabbit starts using litterboxes reliably, you can alter the number or position of them as needed. If you rabbit only uses two litterboxes and ignores the others, the extras can be removed. If your rabbits ignores one litterbox, but urinates in a corner three feet away, move the litterbox to the corner.